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Sports Medicine

Jefferson Sports Medicine

Contact Information:

Kyle Pelzer- Certified Athletic Trainer
Office Phone: 952-806-7772

What are Athletic Trainers:

Athletic trainers are health care professionals who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and participation of patients and clients across age and care continuums. Athletic training encompasses the prevention, diagnosis, and intervention of emergency, acute and chronic medical conditions involving impairment, functional limitations, and disabilities. Athletic trainers work under the direction of physicians, as prescribed by state licensure statutes.

Sports Medicine Team:

Kyle Pelzer, ATC, Head Athletic Trainer
Dr. Frank Norberg, MD, Team Physician

Twin Cities Orthopedics
4010 W. 65th St.
Edina, MN 55435

Physician Referrals and Return to Participation Guidelines:

  • The Minnesota State High School League (MSHSL) requires that any athlete seen by a physician must have a written approval to return to practice/competition.
  • The athletic trainer, as the primary injury management professional, following a physician’s release, will determine if an athlete should return to activity based on a complete functional assessment of the athlete and the determination that the athlete is both physically and mentally ready to return.
  • The concern for our athlete’s health must be the primary factor when determining their status for continued athletic participation following an injury.
  • All physician forms MUST be returned to the athletic trainer in order for the athlete to continue participating. If a physician’s note is not returned to the athletic trainer, the athlete will be held out of participation until they receive the note. This means, any athlete participating without giving the athletic trainer the physician’s note could be putting themselves and their team in jeopardy.


What is a concussion?

In medical terms, a concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). It occurs from either a direct blow to the head or elsewhere on the body that results in an impulsive force transmitted to the head (indirect blow). A TBI can cause a disturbance in brain function and information processing. Brain functions that control one’s coordination, learning, memory, and emotions are most commonly affected by a concussion injury.  

When am I safe to return to activity?

A concussion patient should be free of symptoms and have returned to their normal sleeping and eating patterns as well as typical concentration levels at school and work before resuming high levels of activity. Once normal activities have resumed and there are no symptoms at rest, he/she is ready to try more demanding activities that increase his/her heart rate. Over time, activities will be increased as long as symptoms do not return. Progressive or graded return to participation allows the opportunity to assess brain healing and is the current recommended standard of care for concussion management.

Why do a baseline computer test (ImPACT)?

Neurocognitive tests, such as ImPACT, are helpful in providing objective information about how the brain is responding to injury. ImPACT has two components: a pre and post concussion test. The pre-test is very valuable as the scoring represents one’s baseline (normal) brain function. The ImPACT test is then repeated post concussion. Results of the pre and post concussion tests are compared and care plans are then developed.
ImPACT testing is provided at no cost by Twin Cities Orthopedics.  Testing will be set up with each team or individually as needed.